CN102213182B  Method for obtaining yaw error angle, yaw control method/device and wind generating set  Google Patents
Method for obtaining yaw error angle, yaw control method/device and wind generating set Download PDFInfo
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 CN102213182B CN102213182B CN2011101219582A CN201110121958A CN102213182B CN 102213182 B CN102213182 B CN 102213182B CN 2011101219582 A CN2011101219582 A CN 2011101219582A CN 201110121958 A CN201110121958 A CN 201110121958A CN 102213182 B CN102213182 B CN 102213182B
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 Y—GENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSSSECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSSREFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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Abstract
The invention provides a method for obtaining an inherent yaw error angle of a wind generating set. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) obtaining an absolute value of the inherent yaw error angle according to a theoretical value and a detection value of the yaw error angle of the wind generating set; and 2) judging the inherent yaw error angle is negative or positive to obtain a numerical value of the inherent yaw error angle of the wind generating set. By the method for obtaining the inherent yaw error angle of the wind generating set provided by the invention, the inherent yaw error angle of the wind generating set can be obtained, so error control can be carried out in a yawing process, the influence of the inherent yaw error angle on yawing of the wind generating set is reduced or even eliminated, the yawing control of the wind generating set is relatively accurate, the wind generating set can always face a wind direction, and generation efficiency is improved.
Description
Technical field
The present invention relates to wind generating technology, relate in particular to the intrinsic yaw error of a kind of blower fan angle preparation method, Yaw control method, device and wind power generating set.
Background technique
In the Largescale Wind Turbines fieldmounted process, because the restriction of assembly technology and the difficulty of highlift operation, the accurate demarcation of wind generating set engine room initial position and wind vane initial position has difficulties in practical operation now.The commissioning staff is general when wind energy turbine set is installed unit at present rule of thumb adopts range estimation to carry out the demarcation of wind vane initial position, and this causes wind generating set engine room initial position and wind vane initial position to have inherent variability.In addition, because the wind vane great majority that present wind energy turbine set is used are the mechanical type anemoclinograph, its longplay can produce mechanical wear and under cold environment operation the time can freeze, this all can impact the measurement of yaw angle, even therefore can accurately demarcate the initial position in wind vane and blower fan cabin when wind energy turbine set is installed unit, also can there be measured deviation in the measurement at wind generating set yaw angle.Because the existence of abovementioned inherent variability and measured deviation, make that the measurement at wind generating set yaw angle is not accurate enough, this can make that the driftage control of blower fan is inaccurate, thereby the blower fan cabin can not be over against wind direction, but there is certain deviation, this has reduced utilization ratio of wind energy, makes the generating efficiency of wind power generating set reduce, and causes power of fan and generated energy to descend.At present, because it is less by the intrinsic inclined to one side error angle that abovementioned inherent variability and measured deviation cause, and conventional fan power is less, thereby abovementioned intrinsic yaw error angle is less to the influence of conventional fan, therefore the blower fan MANUFACTURER is not paid attention to intrinsic yaw error angle to the influence of blower fan when making traditional wind, does not study more fully and revises.But along with the continuous increase of wind power generating set singlemachine capacity, the wind power generating set power loss that the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle causes constantly increases, and this greatly reduces the generated energy of blower fan; Wind power plant manufacturing dogeatdog in addition, windpower electricity generation operation manufacturer is also more and more higher to the requirement of wind power generating set generating efficiency, thereby presses for the method that a kind of power loss that can reduce to cause at abovementioned intrinsic yaw error angle improves blower fan generating efficiency and generated energy.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is devoted to solve because the problem that abovementioned intrinsic yaw error angle causes the blower fan generating efficiency to reduce.For addressing the above problem, the invention provides a kind of method that obtains the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle, it can obtain the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle, thereby can in the driftage process, revise yaw angle according to this intrinsic yaw error angle, to reduce even to eliminate intrinsic yaw error angle to the influence of wind generating set yaw, make wind generating set yaw more accurate, thereby can guarantee wind power generating set all the time over against wind direction, improve generating efficiency.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention also provides a kind of wind generating set yaw controlling method, it uses the intrinsic yaw error angle that abovementioned intrinsic yaw error angle preparation method obtains wind power generating set, and in driftage control, according to this intrinsic yaw error angle the driftage angle is revised, thereby can make that driftage control is more accurate, thereby improved wind energy utilization, and generating efficiency and generated energy.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention also provides the wind generating set yaw control gear, and use this driftage control gear and can improve wind energy utilization, and blower fan generating efficiency and generated energy.
For addressing the above problem, the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set of using abovementioned Yaw control method and/or abovementioned driftage control gear, and it has higher generating efficiency and generated energy.
For this reason, the invention provides a kind of method that obtains the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle, it comprises the steps: 1) detection winddriven generator current power P
_{1}, winddriven generator environment of living in current wind speed and yaw angle checkout value, and according to the wind speed power relation of this winddriven generator, obtain the output power P when the winddriven generator yaw angle is zero under the current wind speed
_{0}According to P
_{1}And P
_{0}Obtain wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value; According to theoretical value and the checkout value at described wind generating set yaw angle, obtain the absolute value at described intrinsic yaw error angle; 2) judge the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle.
Wherein, described step 2) specifically comprising the steps: 21) the wind generating set yaw angle checkout value that step 1) is obtained and the absolute value at intrinsic yaw error angle be respectively as first yaw angle and the first intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set; 22) the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is added to described first yaw angle so that first yaw angle is revised, and according to revised result to the winddriven generator control of going off course; 23) regain theoretical value and the checkout value of current yaw angle, regain the absolute value at the current intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle based on described theoretical value and checkout value, and with its second intrinsic yaw error angle as wind power generating set; 24) judge the size at the described first intrinsic yaw error angle and the second intrinsic yaw error angle, if the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is less than the described second intrinsic yaw error angle, then described intrinsic yaw error angle is for just; If the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is greater than the described second intrinsic yaw error angle, then described intrinsic yaw error angle is for negative, thereby obtains the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle.
Wherein, described step 2) whether the theoretical value that also comprises the steps: to judge described wind generating set yaw angle smaller or equal to setting value, if, then in step 24) obtain directly to finish behind the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle; Otherwise, then in step 24) obtain the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle after, according to the control of going off course of the intrinsic yaw error angle of current acquisition and current yaw angle, then forward step 1) to, and execution in step 1 again) to step 2), up to the theoretical value at described wind generating set yaw angle smaller or equal to setting value.
For this reason, the present invention also provides a kind of wind generating set yaw controlling method, and it comprises the steps: 10) detect described wind power generating set when forward engine room present position and current yaw angle; 20) according to intrinsic yaw error angle the current yaw angle of described detection is revised, and according to revised result to the wind power generating set control of going off course, wherein, described intrinsic yaw error angle is based on the method at the intrinsic yaw error of abovementioned acquisition provided by the invention angle and obtain.
For this reason, the present invention also provides a kind of wind generating set yaw control gear, and it comprises: detection unit, for the wind speed, the wind direction that obtain the current course of described wind power generating set, power and environment of living in; Data are handled and control unit, be used for obtaining according to the detection data of described detection unit the numerical value at the current yaw angle checkout value of described wind power generating set and intrinsic yaw error angle, with described intrinsic yaw error angle current yaw angle being revised, and according to correction result to the wind power generating set control of going off course.
Wherein, described detection unit comprises: wind transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Course transmitter is used for obtaining the current present position of wind generating set engine room, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Air velocity transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Power detection module is for the current power P that obtains wind power generating set
_{1}, and transmit it to data processing and control unit.
Wherein, described data are handled and control unit comprises: the yaw angle measured value obtains module, is used for reaching the measured value that obtains the current yaw angle of wind power generating set from the cabin current location of described course transmitter according to the wind direction from described wind transducer; Ideal power obtains module, the power P when being used for obtaining according to the wind speed power relation and from the wind speed of described air velocity transducer that yaw angle is zero under the current wind speed
_{0}The yaw angle theoretical value obtains module, is used for according to the power P that obtains module from described ideal power
_{0}Reach the current power P from described power detection module
_{1}And the theoretical value at acquisition wind generating set yaw angle; Intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module, is used for the absolute value that theoretical value and checkout value according to described yaw angle obtain intrinsic yaw error angle.
Wherein, described data are handled and control unit also comprises: data analysis module is used for judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle; Control module is used for according to revised yaw angle the wind power generating set control of going off course;
Wherein, described control module will add to the checkout value of current yaw angle from the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module and current yaw angle will be revised and according to the revised result control of going off course, then described control module obtains module to described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value and sends the indication that regains intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value
Described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module and regains intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value, and the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains is transferred to described data analysis module,
The size of the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that described data analysis module obtains first and the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, if the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first is less than the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, then described data analysis module judges that the described intrinsic yaw error angle that obtains first is for just; If the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first is greater than the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, then described data analysis module judges that the described intrinsic yaw error angle that obtains first is for negative.
Wherein, described data analysis module also is used for judging that described intrinsic yaw error angle judges that whether described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value is smaller or equal to setting value before positive and negative, if then obtain the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle; Otherwise, then judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle after obtaining the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle, the numerical value at this intrinsic yaw error angle is transferred to described control module;
Described control module then obtains module to described yaw angle theoretical value and sends the indication that regains described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value according to the current yaw angle of numerical value correction at described intrinsic yaw error angle and the control of going off course;
Described yaw angle theoretical value obtains module and regains described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value, and this is regained the yaw angle theoretical value transfers to described data analysis module;
Described data analysis module judges that whether the described yaw angle theoretical value that regains is smaller or equal to setting value.
Wherein, the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first refers in the procurement process of intrinsic yaw error angle, the absolute value at the intrinsic yaw error angle that described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value acquisition module obtains for the first time before the numerical value that does not obtain intrinsic yaw error angle, and behind the numerical value that obtains intrinsic yaw error angle, reset the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first.
Wherein, described driftage control gear also comprises data storage cell, is used for data and related data that storage wind generating set yaw control procedure obtains.
In addition, the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set, and it uses the abovementioned wind generating set yaw controlling method provided by the invention control of going off course, to improve its generating efficiency.
In addition, the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set, it comprise provided by the invention abovementioned in order to go off course control to improve the driftage control gear of its generating efficiency.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
Adopt the method at the intrinsic yaw error of acquisition provided by the invention angle can obtain the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle, thereby can in the driftage process, carry out error control, to reduce even to eliminate intrinsic yaw error angle to the influence of wind generating set yaw, make that wind generating set yaw control is more accurate, thereby can guarantee wind power generating set all the time over against wind direction, improve generating efficiency.
Wind generating set yaw controlling method provided by the invention is used the intrinsic yaw error angle of the method acquisition wind power generating set at the intrinsic yaw error of abovementioned acquisition angle, and in driftage control, according to this intrinsic yaw error angle the driftage angle is revised, thereby can make that driftage control is more accurate, thereby improved wind energy utilization, and generating efficiency and generated energy.
Intrinsic driftage control gear provided by the invention, and the wind power generating set of the abovementioned Yaw control method of application and/or device have same advantage.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the intrinsic yaw error of winddriven generator provided by the invention angle preparation method one specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the intrinsic yaw error of blower fan provided by the invention angle absolute value preparation method;
Fig. 3 is the positive and negative decision method flow chart in the intrinsic yaw error of blower fan provided by the invention angle;
Fig. 4 is provided for this law by the flow chart of the intrinsic yaw error of winddriven generator angle another specific embodiment of preparation method that provides;
Fig. 5 is the flow chart of wind driven generator yaw controlling method one specific embodiment provided by the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of wind driven generator yaw control gear provided by the invention;
Fig. 7 is the power comparison diagram of wind power generating set provided by the invention and conventional wind power generating set.
Embodiment
For making those skilled in the art person understand technological scheme of the present invention better, be described in detail below in conjunction with the wind power generating set of accompanying drawing to method, wind driven generator yaw controlling method, driftage control gear and application said method and/or the device at the intrinsic yaw error of acquisition winddriven generator provided by the invention angle.
See also Fig. 1, be the schematic flow sheet of intrinsic yaw error angle measuring method one specific embodiment provided by the invention.As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, this wind driven generator yaw controlling method comprises the steps: 1) according to theoretical value and the checkout value of described wind power generating set, obtain the absolute value at described intrinsic yaw error angle; 2) judge the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle, to obtain the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of described wind power generating set angle.
Wherein, in step 1), pass through the relatively theoretical value θ at wind driven generator yaw angle
_{Err_all}With checkout value θ
_{Err_det}Obtain, be specially according to formula θ
_{Err_inhe}= θ
_{Err_all} θ
_{Err_det}‖ calculates the absolute value theta at the intrinsic yaw error of winddriven generator angle
_{Err_inhe}Specific implementation process sees also Fig. 2: read in the wind speed V, the output power P of winddriven generator that are measured by the wind power generating set detection system in step 11)
_{1}, and yaw angle checkout value θ
_{Err_det}, the output power P when the wind driven generator yaw angle that utilizes the wind speed power relation that is stored in the winddriven generator to obtain current wind speed V correspondence in step 12) is zero then
_{0}Then in step 13) according to formula θ
_{Err_all}=arccos (P
_{1}/ P
_{0}) calculate the theoretical value θ at wind driven generator yaw angle
_{Err_all}, at last in step 14) according to formula θ
_{Err_inhe}= θ
_{Err_all} θ
_{Err_det}‖ can try to achieve the intrinsic yaw error angle θ of winddriven generator
_{Err_inhe}
After in step 1), obtaining the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value of wind power generating set, in step 2) in judge the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, specific implementation process sees also Fig. 3, in step 21) in, will acquisition yaw angle θ in the step 1)
_{Err_all}With intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}As the first yaw angle θ
_{Err_all_1}With the first intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Then in step 22) in according to the first yaw angle θ
_{Err_all_1}With the first intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Control, the soon first yaw error angle θ go off course
_{Err_inhe_1}Add to the first yaw angle checkout value θ
_{Err_det_1}To revising to the first yaw angle checkout value, then according to the revised result control of going off course, and the delay adjustments time, treat that driftage is stable after, in step 23) in regain the second yaw angle θ
_{Err_all_2}With the second intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe_2}, and in step 24) in the first intrinsic yaw error angle θ relatively
_{Err_inhe_1}With the second intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_all_2}If, θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Less than θ
_{Err_inhe_2}Intrinsic yaw error angle θ then
_{Err_inhe_1}That is θ,
_{Err_inhe}For just, otherwise then for negative.Wherein, the second yaw angle θ
_{Err_all_2}With the second intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe_2}Preparation method identical with the method in the step 1); Described set time is general to be adopted 10 minutes to 15 minutes, also can adjust as the case may be certainly.
See also Fig. 4, be the schematic flow sheet of intrinsic another specific embodiment of yaw error angle measuring method provided by the invention.Different with previous embodiment is to increase a determining step in this embodiment, for judging the yaw angle theoretical value θ that obtains in step 1)
_{Err_all}Less than setting value, this setting value is the arbitrary value between 10 ° to 15 °, and preferably selects 10 ° for use as this setting value.Its specific implementation process is: at first, obtain wind generating set yaw angle theoretical value θ
_{Err_all}With intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}Judge described yaw angle theoretical value θ then
_{Err_all}Whether less than setting value; If less than, then continue to judge the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain described intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}Numerical value, its process is with aforementioned identical, do not repeat them here, otherwise then behind the positive and negative determination step in process intrinsic yaw error angle, numerical value according to described intrinsic yaw error angle is revised the yaw angle checkout value, and according to the revised result control of going off course, go to step 1 then, repeat this process up to described yaw angle theoretical value θ
_{Err_all}Till setting value.
As another kind of technological scheme of the present invention, the invention provides a kind of wind generating set yaw controlling method, see also Fig. 5, be the flow chart of wind driven generator yaw controlling method one specific embodiment provided by the invention.In the present embodiment, this Yaw control method comprises the steps: 10) detect described wind power generating set when forward engine room present position and current yaw angle; 20) according to intrinsic yaw error angle the current yaw angle of described detection is revised, and according to revised result to the wind power generating set control of going off course, particularly, with described current yaw angle θ
_{Err_det}Deduct intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}Numerical value (that is intrinsic yaw error angle θ that, has symbol
_{Err_inhe}) value that obtains is for according to going off course control, thereby reduce even eliminate described intrinsic yaw error angle to the influence of driftage, make wind driven generator yaw control more accurate, thereby make winddriven generator can farthest utilize wind energy, improve generating efficiency, increase generated energy.
Wherein, described intrinsic yaw error angle is based on the method at the intrinsic yaw error of abovementioned acquisition provided by the invention angle and obtain, it can obtain in advance by said method provided by the invention, and it is stored in storage unit, when needs are gone off course control, only need call this intrinsic yaw error angle and get final product; Perhaps when each driftage control, at first obtain described intrinsic yaw error angle according to described method, and then according to the control of going off course of described intrinsic yaw error angle and current yaw angle.
Need to prove, when the method according to the intrinsic yaw error of abovementioned acquisition provided by the invention angle obtains the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle in advance, each driftage control all is as the criterion with this intrinsic yaw error angle and revises, each driftage only need be called this intrinsic yaw error angle current yaw angle correction is got final product, and in actual applications because through after the certain hour operation, the intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set may change, therefore, in actual applications, at regular intervals, can adopt preceding method to regain the intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set, and regain intrinsic yaw error angle with this and replace current intrinsic yaw error angle.
As another kind of technological scheme of the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of driftage control gear, and its concrete structure sees also Fig. 6.As shown in Figure 6, this driftage control gear comprises: detection unit 100, data are handled and control unit 200 and data storage cell 300.
Wherein, detection unit 100 is used for wind speed V, wind direction, the current power P of the current environment of living in of acquisition wind power generating set
_{1}, and blower fan course (that is present position, cabin); Particularly, detection unit 100 comprises: wind transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Course transmitter is used for obtaining the current present position of wind generating set engine room, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Air velocity transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit; Power detection module is for the current power P that obtains wind power generating set
_{1}, and transmit it to data processing and control unit.
Data are handled and control unit 200, are used for obtaining the current yaw angle checkout value of described wind power generating set θ according to the detection data of described detection unit
_{Err_det}And intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}Numerical value, with described intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}To current yaw angle θ
_{Err_det}Revise, and according to correction result to the wind power generating set control of going off course.
Particularly, data processing and control unit 200 comprise: the yaw angle measured value obtains module, ideal power obtains mould, yaw angle theoretical value acquisition module, the acquisition of intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value module, data analysis module and control module.
Wherein, described yaw angle measured value obtains module, is used for reaching the measured value θ that obtains the current yaw angle of wind power generating set from the cabin current location of described course transmitter according to the wind direction from described wind transducer
_{Err_det}Described ideal power obtains module, is used for the power P when being stored in advance that wind speed merit in the winddriven generator concerns rate and obtaining from the wind speed V of described air velocity transducer that yaw angle is zero under the current wind speed
_{0}Described yaw angle theoretical value obtains module, is used for according to the power P that obtains module from described ideal power
_{0}, from the current power P of described power detection module
_{1}And formula θ
_{Err_all}=arccos (P
_{1}/ P
_{0}) and the theoretical value θ at acquisition wind driven generator yaw angle
_{Err_all}Intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module, is used for the theoretical value θ according to described yaw angle
_{Err_all}, checkout value θ
_{Err_det}And formula θ
_{Err_inhe}= θ
_{Err_all} θ
_{Err_det}‖ and obtain the absolute value at intrinsic yaw error angle; Described data analysis module is for the size and the described intrinsic yaw error angle θ that judge described yaw angle theoretical value
_{Err_inhe}Positive and negative, to obtain the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle; Described control module is used for according to revised yaw angle the wind power generating set control of going off course.
Wherein, obtain the absolute value theta at described intrinsic yaw error angle when described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value acquisition module
_{Err_inhe_1}After, transmit it to described data analysis module and described control module, and indicate described control module with this current yaw angle of intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value correction and the control of going off course;
Described control module is obtaining intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta
_{Err_inhe_1}After should intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta
_{Err_inhe_1}Add to current yaw angle θ
_{Err_det_1}, with to current yaw angle θ
_{Err_det_1}Revise, and according to the control of going off course of revised yaw angle; Then described control module obtains module to described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value and sends the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta that regains described wind power generating set
_{Err_inhe_2}Indication;
Through behind the certain hour, described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module and sends the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta that regains described wind power generating set
_{Err_inhe_2}, and with the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta of this wind power generating set that regains
_{Err_inhe_2}Transfer to described data analysis module;
Described data analysis module relatively obtains the θ of module from intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value value
_{Err_inhe_1}With θ
_{Err_inhe_2}Size, wherein, θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Be the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first, θ
_{Err_inhe_2}Be the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value theta that regains
_{Err_inhe_2}If θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Less than θ
_{Err_inhe_2}, then described data analysis module is judged the described intrinsic yaw error angle θ that obtains first
_{Err_inhe_1}For just; If θ
_{Err_inhe_1}Greater than θ
_{Err_inhe_2}, then described data analysis module is judged the described intrinsic yaw error angle θ that obtains first
_{Err_inhe_1}For negative; When described data analysis module is judged described θ
_{Err_inhe_1}After positive and negative with numerical value (that is θ that, has symbol at described intrinsic yaw error angle
_{Err_inhe_1}) as the intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set, transmit it to data storage cell or control module.
Wherein, described data analysis module also is used for judging described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value θ before the described intrinsic yaw error of judgement angle is positive and negative
_{Err_all}Whether smaller or equal to setting value, if then obtain described intrinsic yaw error angle θ judging that described intrinsic yaw error angle is positive and negative
_{Err_inhe}Numerical value; Otherwise, then judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle after obtaining the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle, the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle is transferred to described control module;
Described control module is according to described intrinsic yaw error angle θ
_{Err_inhe}The current yaw angle θ of numerical value correction
_{Err_det}And after the control of going off course, obtain the module transmission to described yaw angle theoretical value and regain described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value θ
_{Err_all}' indication;
Described yaw angle theoretical value obtains module and regains described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value θ
_{Err_all}', and this transmission regained described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value θ
_{Err_all}' to described data analysis module;
Described data analysis module is judged the described yaw angle theoretical value θ that regains
_{Err_all}' whether smaller or equal to setting value.Wherein, this setting value is the arbitrary value between 10 ° to 15 °, and preferably selects 10 ° for use as this setting value.
Wherein, data storage cell 300, be used for the wind speed power relation of storage wind power generating set and the various data that described data are handled and the control unit running obtains, wherein, described wind speed power relation can be wind speed power curve or wind speed power relation table.
As another kind of technological scheme of the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of wind power generating set of using abovementioned Yaw control method and/or driftage control gear, it can even eliminate described intrinsic yaw error angle to the influence of driftage in the driftage reduction, make wind driven generator yaw control more accurate, thereby make winddriven generator can farthest utilize wind energy, improve generating efficiency, increase generated energy, concrete effect sees also Fig. 7, wherein, curve 1 is for adopting abovementioned Yaw control method and/or the powertime diagram of the wind power generating set of the control gear of going off course, and curve 2 is not to be the powertime diagram that adopts the wind power generating set of abovementioned Yaw control method and/or driftage control gear.As shown in Figure 7, adopt behind abovementioned Yaw control method and/or the driftage control gear power output of Largescale Wind Turbines to have and significantly improve, that is, generating efficiency improves, thereby has improved generated energy, has increased wind energy utilization.
Be understandable that above mode of execution only is the illustrative embodiments that adopts for principle of the present invention is described, yet the present invention is not limited thereto.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and substance in the present invention, can make various modification and improvement, these modification and improvement also are considered as protection scope of the present invention.
Claims (12)
1. a method that obtains the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1) detects winddriven generator current power P
_{1}, winddriven generator environment of living in current wind speed and yaw angle checkout value, and according to the wind speed power relation of this winddriven generator, obtain the output power P when the winddriven generator yaw angle is zero under the current wind speed
_{0}According to P
_{1}And P
_{0}Obtain wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value; According to theoretical value and the checkout value at described wind generating set yaw angle, obtain the absolute value at described intrinsic yaw error angle;
2) judge the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle.
2. the method at the intrinsic yaw error of acquisition wind power generating set as claimed in claim 1 angle is characterized in that described step 2) specifically comprise the steps:
21) absolute value at the wind generating set yaw angle checkout value that step 1) is obtained and intrinsic yaw error angle is respectively as first yaw angle and the first intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set;
22) the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is added to described first yaw angle so that first yaw angle is revised, and according to revised result to the winddriven generator control of going off course;
23) regain theoretical value and the checkout value of the current yaw angle of wind power generating set, and regain the absolute value at the current intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle based on described theoretical value and checkout value, and with the described absolute value at the current intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle that regains as the second intrinsic yaw error angle of wind power generating set;
24) judge the size at the described first intrinsic yaw error angle and the second intrinsic yaw error angle, if the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is less than the described second intrinsic yaw error angle, then described intrinsic yaw error angle is for just; If the described first intrinsic yaw error angle is greater than the described second intrinsic yaw error angle, then described intrinsic yaw error angle is for negative, thereby obtains the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle.
3. the method at the intrinsic yaw error of acquisition wind power generating set as claimed in claim 2 angle is characterized in that described step 2) also comprise the steps:
Whether judge the theoretical value at described wind generating set yaw angle smaller or equal to setting value, if, then in step 24) obtain directly to finish behind the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle; Otherwise, then in step 24) obtain the numerical value at the intrinsic yaw error of wind power generating set angle after, according to the control of going off course of the intrinsic yaw error angle of current acquisition and current yaw angle, then forward step 1) to, and execution in step 1 again) to step 2), up to the theoretical value at described wind generating set yaw angle smaller or equal to setting value.
4. a wind generating set yaw controlling method is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
10) detect described wind power generating set when forward engine room present position and current yaw angle;
20) according to intrinsic yaw error angle the current yaw angle of described detection is revised, and according to revised result to the wind power generating set control of going off course, wherein, described intrinsic yaw error angle is based on the method at any intrinsic yaw error of described acquisition angle among the claim 13 and obtain.
5. wind generating set yaw control gear is characterized in that comprising:
Detection unit is for the wind speed, the wind direction that obtain the current course of described wind power generating set, power and environment of living in;
Data are handled and control unit, be used for obtaining according to the detection data of described detection unit the numerical value at the current yaw angle checkout value of described wind power generating set and intrinsic yaw error angle, with described intrinsic yaw error angle current yaw angle being revised, and according to correction result to the wind power generating set control of going off course.
6. as claim 5 wind generating set yaw control gear, it is characterized in that described detection unit comprises:
Wind transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit;
Course transmitter is used for obtaining the current present position of wind generating set engine room, and transmits it to data processing and control unit;
Air velocity transducer is used for obtaining the current wind speed of wind power generating set environment of living in, and transmits it to data processing and control unit;
Power detection module is for the current power P that obtains wind power generating set
_{1}, and transmit it to data processing and control unit.
7. wind generating set yaw control gear as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, described data are handled and control unit comprises:
The yaw angle measured value obtains module, is used for reaching the measured value that obtains the current yaw angle of wind power generating set from the cabin current location of described course transmitter according to the wind direction from described wind transducer;
Ideal power obtains module, the power P when being used for obtaining according to the wind speed power relation and from the wind speed of described air velocity transducer that yaw angle is zero under the current wind speed
_{0}
The yaw angle theoretical value obtains module, is used for according to the power P that obtains module from described ideal power
_{0}Reach the current power P from described power detection module
_{1}And the theoretical value at acquisition wind generating set yaw angle;
Intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module, is used for the absolute value that theoretical value and checkout value according to described yaw angle obtain intrinsic yaw error angle.
8. wind generating set yaw control gear as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, described data are handled and control unit also comprises:
Data analysis module is used for judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle, to obtain the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle;
Control module is used for according to revised yaw angle the wind power generating set control of going off course;
Wherein, described control module will add to the checkout value of current yaw angle from the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module and current yaw angle will be revised and according to the revised result control of going off course, then described control module obtains module to described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value and sends the indication that regains intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value
Described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value obtains module and regains intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value, and the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains is transferred to described data analysis module,
The size of the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that described data analysis module obtains first and the intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, if the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first is less than the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, then described data analysis module judges that the described intrinsic yaw error angle that obtains first is for just; If the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that obtains first is greater than the described intrinsic yaw error angle absolute value that regains, then described data analysis module judges that the described intrinsic yaw error angle that obtains first is for negative.
9. wind generating set yaw control gear as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, described data analysis module also is used for judging that described intrinsic yaw error angle judges that whether described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value is smaller or equal to setting value before positive and negative, if then obtain the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle; Otherwise, then judging the positive and negative of described intrinsic yaw error angle after obtaining the numerical value at described intrinsic yaw error angle, the numerical value at this intrinsic yaw error angle is transferred to described control module;
Described control module then obtains module to described yaw angle theoretical value and sends the indication that regains described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value according to the current yaw angle of numerical value correction at described intrinsic yaw error angle and the control of going off course;
Described yaw angle theoretical value obtains module and regains described wind driven generator yaw angle theoretical value, and this is regained the yaw angle theoretical value transfers to described data analysis module;
Described data analysis module judges that whether the described yaw angle theoretical value that regains is smaller or equal to setting value.
10. as any described wind generating set yaw control gear of claim 59, it is characterized in that, also comprise data storage cell, be used for data and related data that storage wind generating set yaw control procedure obtains.
11. a wind power generating set is characterized in that, application rights requires the control of going off course of 4 described wind generating set yaw controlling methods, to improve its generating efficiency.
12. a wind power generating set is characterized in that, comprises any described driftage control gear of controlling in order to go off course with the raising generating efficiency of claim 510.
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