The Rosetta Mission is the third cornerstone mission in ESA's Horizon 2000 program. The purpose of the mission is to rendezvous with the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, gather information on the comet as the spacecraft orbits it, and to land a package of instruments on the surface of the comet.
Scientific objectives of the mission are to study the origin of comets, and the relationship between cometary and interstellar material.
The Rosetta spacecraft launched in March 2004 from Kourou, French Guiana. On its way to the comet it has flown by two asteroids, (2867) Steins on 5 September 2008 and (21) Lutetia on 10 July 2010. In May 2014 Rosetta will rendezvous with 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and gather data on the comet for 18 months.
The mission is scheduled to end in December 2015.
The SBN in cooperation with ESA will archive Earth-based observations of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.
See Rosetta data at the ESA Planetary Science Archive.
This page only shows data sets that have been archived or were CERTIFIED by a peer review and are currently in lien resolution. If you wish to see other Rosetta datasets that have been released but that are NOT CERTIFIED please see our Rosetta Draft Data Set Area.
- Lander (no data yet)
- Alpha-Proton-X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) - Elemental composition
- Rosetta Lander Cometary Infrared and Visible Analyser (CIVA)
- Comet Nucleus Sounding Experiment By Radiowave Transmission (CONSERT) - Nucleus tomography, permittivity, and absorption
- Cometary Sampling and Composition Experiment (COSAC) - Elemental and molecular composition
- Methods of Determining and Understanding Light Elements from Unequivocal Stable Isotope Compositions (MODULUS/Ptolemy) - Isotopic composition of the major volatiles
- Multi-Purpose Sensors For Surface and Sub-Surface Science (MUPUS) - Physical properties and composition (elemental, isotopic, molecular and mineralogical) of the nucleus
- Rosetta Lander Imaging System - Descent and Closeup Imager (ROLIS)
- RoLand Magnetic field investigation and Plasma monitor (ROMAP) - Magnetic field components; interaction of cometary object with the solar wind
- Drill and Sampling Device (SD2) - Drilling, sampling, and collection of the cometary surface and subsurface material to be used by the other lander experiments COSAC, MODULUS/Ptolemy, and CIVA.
- Surface Electrical, Seismic and Acoustic Monitoring Experiments (SESAME) - Mechanic/elastic properties and permittivity of the cometary surface; dust impact and production rate
Ground and Launch
Commissioning 1 & Commissioning 2
Earth Swingby 1
Cruise 2 & Comet 9P/Tempel 1
Mars Swing-By (includes Jupiter & Io torus)
Earth Swingby 2
Asteroid 2867 Steins Flyby
Earth Swingby 3
Asteroid 21 Lutetia Flyby
Rendezvous Maneuver 1
All Mission Phases
Other mission data
Use the Small Bodies Data Ferret to find other datasets for this mission/target.
67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko ground-based observations in support of the Rosetta mission (ground campaign website)